Name 
Description 
Syntax 
ABS  Returns the absolute value of a number. The absolute value of a number is the number without its sign.  ABS(number)

ACOS  Returns the arccosine, or inverse cosine, of a number. The returned angle is given in radians in the range of pi/2 to pi/2.  ACOS(number) The argument must be in the range of 1 to 1. 
ACOSH  Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number.  ACOSH(number)

ACOT  Returns the inverse cotangent (the arccotangent) of a number.  ACOT(number)

ACOTH  Returns the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of the number.  ACOTH(number)

ARABIC  Converts a Roman numeral to an Arabic numeral.  ARABIC(text)

ASIN  Returns the arcsine, or inverse sine, of a number. The returned angle is given in radians in the range of pi/2 to pi/2.  ASIN(number) The argument must be in the range of 1 to 1. 
ASINH  Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number  ASINH(number)

ATAN  Returns the arctangent, or inverse tangent, of a number. The returned angle is given in radians in the range pi/2 to pi/2.  ATAN(number)

ATAN2  Calculates the arctangent (i.e. the inverse tangent) of a pair of x and y coordinates, and returns an angle, in radians.  ATAN2( x_num, y_num )

ATANH  Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a given number.  ATANH(number)

BASE  Converts a number into a text representation with the given base.  BASE(number, radix, min_length) The number must be a positive integer less than 2^53.
The radix is the base into what the number is converted. The radix is an integer >= 2 and <= 36.
Min_length is optional, it is the minimum length of the returned string. If the Min_length parameter is present, leading zeros are added if required. 
CEILING  Returns a number rounded up, away from zero, to the nearest multiple of significance.  CEILING(number, significance) The number is the value to round, the significance is the multiple to which you want to round. If the number is negative, and the significance is negative, the value is rounded down, away from zero. If the number is negative, and the significance is positive, the value is rounded up towards zero. 
CEILING.MATH  Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.  CEILING.MATH(number, significance, mode) The number is the value to round, the optional significance parameter is the multiple to which you want to round. The optional mode parameter affects negative numbers only and specifies whether the number is rounded toward zero (mode = 0) or away from zero (mode <> 0). 
CEILING.PRECISE  Returns number rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.  CEILING.PRECISE(number, significance ) . 
COMBIN  Returns the number of combinations for a given number of items.  COMBIN( n, k ) n is the number of items in the set, k is the number of items to choose from the set. 
COMBINA  Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items.  COMBINA( n, k ) n is the number of items in the set, k is the number of items to choose from the set. 
COS  Returns the cosine of the given angle.  COS(number) The number is the angle in radians. 
COSH  Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number.  COSH(number) The number is any real number. 
COT  Returns the cotangent of an angle.  COT(number)

COTH  Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a number.  COTH(number)

CSC  Returns the cosecant of an angle.  CSC(number)

CSCH  Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle.  CSCH(number)

DECIMAL  Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number.  DECIMAL(text, radix)

DEGREES  Converts radians into degrees.  DEGREES(angle) The angle is in radians. 
EVEN  Returns a number rounded up to the nearest even integer.  EVEN(number) Regardless of the sign of the number, the value is rounded up when adjusted away from zero. If the number is an even integer, no rounding occurs. 
EXP  Returns the value of the mathematical constant e raised to the power of the number.  EXP(number)

FACT  Returns the factorial of a number.  FACT(number) The number is nonnegative. It the number is not an integer, it is truncated. 
FACTDOUBLE  Returns the double factorial of a number.  FACTDOUBLE(number)

FLOOR  Rounds the number down toward zero, to the nearest multiple of significance.  FLOOR(number, significance) The number is the value to round, the significance is the multiple to which you want to round. 
FLOOR.MATH  Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.  FLOOR.MATH(number, significance, mode) The number is the value to round, the optional significance is the multiple to which you want to round, the optional mode specifies the direction to round negative numbers (toward 0 if equal to 0, away from 0 if the mode is not zero). 
FLOOR.PRECISE  Rounds a numer down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded down.  FLOOR.PRECISE(number, significance )

GCD  Returns the greatest common divisor.  GCD(number1, [number2], ...)

INT  Rounds a number down to the nearest integer.  INT(number)

ISO.CEILING  Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.  ISO.CEILING(number, significance) The number is the value to round, the optional significance is the multiple to which you want to round. 
LN  Returns the natural logarithm of a number.  LN(number) The number is a positive real number. 
LCM  Returns the least common multiple.  LCM(number1, [number2], ...)

LOG  Returns the logarithm of a number to the base that you specify.  LOG(number, base) The number is a positive real number (the base is optional). It is the base of the logarithm. If omitted, the base is assumed to be 10. 
LOG10  Returns the base10 logarithm of a number.  LOG10(number) The number is a positive real number. 
MDETERM  Returns the matrix determinant of an array.  MDETERM(array)

MINVERSE  Returns the matrix inverse of an array.  MINVERSE(array)

MMULT  Returns the matrix product of two arrays. The result is an array with the same number of rows as array1 and the same number of columns as array2.  MMULT(array1, array2) The number of columns in array1 must be the same as the number of rows in array2, and both arrays must only contain numbers. 
MOD  Returns the remainder after a number is divided by a divisor.  MOD(number, divisor) The number is the number for which to find the remainder, and the divisor is the number by which you want to divide the number. The result has the same sign as the divisor. 
MROUND  Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple.  MROUND(number, multiple) The number is the value to round, the multiple is the value to which you want to round the number. The function rounds up, away from zero, if the remainder of dividing the number by multiple is greater than or equal to half the value of the multiple. For example, MROUND(10,3) returns 9 because the remainder of 10 divided by 3 is 1 which is less than half of 3. MROUND(11,3) returns 12. 
MUNIT  Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension.  MUNIT(dimension)

MULTINOMIAL  Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers.  MULTINOMIAL(number1, [number2], ...)

ODD  Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer.  ODD(number)

PI  Returns the number 3.14159265358979, the mathematical constant pi, accurate to 15 digits.  PI()

POWER  Returns the result of a number raised to a power.  POWER(number, power) The number is a real number, and the power is the exponent to which the number is raised. You can use the "^" operator instead. 
PRODUCT  Multiplies all numbers given as arguments and returns the product.  PRODUCT(number1, number2, ...) If an argument is an array or reference, only numbers in the array or reference are multiplied. Empty cells, logical values, and text in the array or reference are ignored. 
QUOTIENT  Returns the integer portion of a division.  QUOTIENT(number, divisor)

RADIANS  Converts degrees to radians.  RADIANS(angle) 
RAND  Returns an evenly distributed random real number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1. A new random real number is returned every time the worksheet is calculated.  RAND()

RANDBETWEEN  Returns a random integer number between the numbers that are specified. A new random integer number is returned every time the worksheet is calculated.  RANDBETWEEN(bottom, top) The bottom is the smallest integer, the top is the largest integer that the function will return. 
ROMAN  Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text.  ROMAN(number, [form])

ROUND  Rounds a number to a specified number of digits.  ROUND(number, num_digits) If num_digits is 0, the number is rounded to the nearest integer. If num_digits is greater than 0 (zero), then the number is rounded to the specified number of decimal places. If num_digits is less than 0, then the number is rounded to the left of the decimal point. 
ROUNDDOWN  Rounds a number down, toward zero, to a specified number of digits.  ROUNDDOWN(number, num_digits) If num_digits is 0, the number is rounded to the nearest integer. If num_digits is greater than 0 (zero), then the number is rounded to the specified number of decimal places. If num_digits is less than 0, then the number is rounded to the left of the decimal point. 
ROUNDUP  Rounds a number down, toward zero, to a specified number of digits.  ROUNDUP(number, num_digits) If num_digits is 0, the number is rounded to the nearest integer. If num_digits is greater than 0 (zero), then the number is rounded to the specified number of decimal places. If num_digits is less than 0, then the number is rounded to the left of the decimal point. 
SEC  Returns the secant of an angle.  SEC(number)

SECH  Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle.  SECH(number)

SERIESSUM  Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula.  SERIESSUM(x, n, m, coefficients)

SIGN  Determines the sign of a number. Returns 1 if the number is positive, zero (0) if the number is 0, and 1 if the number is negative.  SIGN(number)

SIN  Returns the sine of the given angle.  SIN(number) The number is the angle in radians. 
SINH  Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number.  SIN() number 
SQRT  Returns a positive square root.  SQRT(number) The number is any positive number. 
SQRTPI  Multiplies a specified number by pi and returns a square root of the product.  SQRTPI(number) The number is any positive number. 
SUBTOTAL  Performs a specified calculation (the sum, product, average, etc.) for a supplied set of values  SUBTOTAL(function_num, ref1, ref2, ...) Refer to the SUBTOTAL specifics endnote.
The function_num argument is a number that specifies the calculation type. Possible values for the function_num argument are listed in the following table. Note that by selecting a proper function_num argument you can ignore or include hidden values in calculation.
function_num (include hidden values)

function_num (ignore hidden values)

Function

1 
101 
AVERAGE 
2 
102 
COUNT 
3 
103 
COUNTA 
4 
104 
MAX 
5 
105 
MIN 
6 
106 
PRODUCT 
7 
107 
STDEV 
8 
108 
STDEVP 
9 
109 
SUM 
10 
110 
VAR 
11 
111 
VARP 




SUM  Adds all numbers that you specify as arguments  SUM(number1, number2, ...) Each argument can be a range, a cell reference, an array, a constant, a formula, or the result from another function. If an argument is an array or reference, only numbers in that array or reference are counted. Empty cells, logical values, or text in the array or reference are ignored. 
SUMIF  Sums the values in a range that meet criteria that you specify  SUMIF(range, criteria, sum_range) Range is the range of cells that you wish to filter by criteria. Criteria is a number, expression, cell reference, text, or function that defines which cells will be added. Optional sum_range specifies the actual cells to add. If omitted, the cells specified in the Range argument are added. 
SUMIFS  Sums the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria.  SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, criteria_range2, criteria2, ...) Sum_range is the range of cells to sum. Criteria_range specifies the range in which to evaluate the specified criteria. The criteria is a number, expression, cell reference or text that defines which cells in the criteria_range argument will be added. You can specify several criteria ranges with specific criteria for each. 
SUMPRODUCT  Returns the sum of the products of the corresponding values in two or more supplied arrays.  SUMPRODUCT(array1, array2, array3, ...) The array arguments must have the same dimensions. Array entries that are not numeric are treated as if they were zeros. 
SUMSQ  Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments.  SUMSQ(number1, number2, ...) You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas. Empty cells, logical values, text, or error values in the array or reference are ignored. 
SUMX2MY2  Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays.  SUMX2MY2(array_x, array_y)

SUMX2PY2  Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays.  SUMX2PY2(array_x, array_y)

SUMXMY2  Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays  SUMXMY2(array_x, array_y) Array_x and array_y should have the same number of values. If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored. 
TAN  Returns the tangent of the given angle.  TAN(angle) The angle is measured in radians. 
TANH  Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number.  TANH(number) The number is any real number. 
TRUNC  Truncates a number to a specified number of decimal places.  TRUNC(number, num_digits) If an optional parameter num_digits is omitted or has a value of 0, rounding is performed on an integer. 